PFP Health Care Reform News

May 13, 2013 Modified: August 18, 2022

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UPDATE: Inflation Reduction Act (July 2022)
On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed the Inflation Reduction Act into law that includes a package of conservation and clean energy credits, increased IRS funding, and a number of tax provisions.  In addition, the legislation empowers the Health and Human Services Secretary to negotiate prices for some prescription drugs, caps out of pocket costs at $2,000 for Medicare Part D participants starting in 2025 and extends the Affordable Care Act subsidies for three years.

UPDATE: New regulations add flexibility to HRAs (June 2019)
On June 13th, the IRS and other agencies issued final regulations (T.D. 9867) that allow health reimbursement arrangements to be integrated with individual health insurance coverage (integrated HRAs) if specific conditions are met.

UPDATE: Revised Senate Health Bill Retains Taxes on Higher-Earning Individuals (July 2017)
On Thursday July 13, Senate Republicans released a revised version of their Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017.  The new version, if enacted, would retain several taxes imposed as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  As in the first version of the Senate bill released in June, most of the act’s tax provisions would be repealed, but the 3.8% net investment income tax and the .9% Medicare surtax would remain in effect.  Learn more in this article

UPDATE: House Passes Measure to Repeal and Replace the Affordable Care Act (May 2017)
On May 4, the house narrowly passed the American Health Care Act which will impact individuals and businesses.  Potential changes may occur as this has not yet been approved by the Senate.  The new act includes change like removing the requirement for employers to offer group health coverage, dialing back the expansion of Medicaid and repealing the net investment income tax.

ADVOCACY: What Exactly do Firms have to Report to Comply with Health Care Regulations? (November 2013)
The AICPA asked the IRS to clarify whether firms would have file an information return (under section 6056) for every employee under the new health care law.  “This requirement would place an undue administrative burden… and result in the IRS and full-time employee receiving multiple reports containing the same information,” the AICPA observed in a letter to Acting IRS Commissioner Danny Werfel. The rule would apply to employers with more than 50 employees who work at least 30 hours a week.  The AICPA also offered several recommendations to simplify the reporting process and applauded provisions in the regulations that reduce paperwork for employers.  For more info on health care rules, visit the AICPA’s Health Care Reform Center.

UPDATE: ACA Tax Resources from the IRS (August 2013)
The IRS has provided a new web page focusing on the tax provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).  The site is a welcome resource to help practitioners, employers, individuals and families keep up with all of the tax laws and related effective dates mandated by the ACA.  The AICPA’s Health Care Reform Resources Center also has useful resources for getting you up to date on the ACA.

ADVOCACY: AICPA Comments on IRS Proposed Rules on Employer Shared Responsibility for Health Insurance Coverage (March 2013)
On March 14, the AICPA submitted comments on the proposed regulations providing guidance under IRC Section 4980H on employer shared responsibility for health insurance coverage recently issued by the IRS. Recommendations cover the definition of the term “dependent,” the determination of “applicable large employer status”, the determination of “full-time employees,” and more.

UPDATE: IRS Postpones Health Care Coverage Cost Reporting for 1 Year (October 2010)
The IRS has announced that employers will not be required to report the costs of employer-sponsored health care coverage on employees' Forms W-2 until 2012. The reporting was mandated by this year's health care reform legislation, but the IRS has determined that employers need more time to comply. For more information, read Notice 2010-69 and the following article from the Journal of Accountancy.

UPDATE: New Health Care Reform Web Page on (August 2010)
Looking for news, information and resources on health care reform? The AICPA has created an essential web page devoted to keeping you current on this important legislation. You’ll also find conferences, webcasts and CPE courses to help you learn more.

UPDATE: Health Care Reform Whitepaper (May 2010)
This informative white paper provides a comprehensive overview of the impact and implications of the new health care legislation for your firm and your clients. The information is categorized by employer size and individuals for a quick but thorough read.

UPDATE: Effective Tax Planning in Light of Healthcare Legislation (April 2010)
The new federal healthcare legislation contains many complex "income tax" increases, including the 3.8% Medicare “surtax” that will hit your clients if they don't plan properly. 

UPDATE: Health Care Reform (March 2010)
Congress passed the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (HR 4872) on March 25th. The bill was signed by President Obama on March 30th. The Reconciliation Act amends various provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PL 111-148). The Reconciliation Act also adds some new provisions that were not included in the Patient Protection Act, including amending the premium assistance credit and the excise tax for those who don't purchase insurance, allowing dependents up to age 27 to be covered by a parent's health insurance and enacting a surtax on net investment income. Read a Journal of Accountancy article that outlines of the tax provisions of the Reconciliation Act.

Section 1402 of HR 4872, which was not changed by the Senate, introduces a 3.8% Medicare tax on the lesser of investment income or the excess of modified adjusted gross income over a specified threshold amount, via adding new Chapter 2A To Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code. Section 1402 defines “threshold amount” as $250,000 for joint filers or surviving spouses, $125,000 for married filing separately, and $200,000 in all other cases. “Net investment income” is defined to include income from interest, dividends, royalties, rents, gross income from a trade or business involving passive activities, and net gain from disposition of property (other than property held in a trade or business). It is reduced by properly allocable deductions to such income. Excluded from “net investment income” are distributions from section 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 408, 408A or 457(b) plans. This provision applies to tax years beginning after Dec. 31, 2012. Important to note as it relates to estates and trusts, the 3.8% tax is applied to the less of undistributed net investment income or adjusted gross income over the dollar amount at which the highest trust and estate bracket ($11,200) begins.

UPDATE: Client Article on Health Care Reform (March 2010)
Recently, two pieces of legislation, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 were signed into law. Together, these pieces of legislation make the most significant reform to health care in the United States since the enactment of Medicare. Request 3 brief client articles from Broadridge Advisor that describe some of the most important provisions of the health care reform legislation. Distribute these articles to your clients to help answer their questions about this landmark legislation.