More than 1-in-5 Companies Plan Some Reduction in Office Space, AICPA Survey Finds

March 25, 2021

More than 1-in-5 Companies Plan Some Reduction in Office Space, AICPA Survey Finds

Rise in Remote Work Adds Pressure to Reconfigure but Long-Term Leases Limit Changes for Now

NEW YORK (March 25, 2021) – Despite widespread use of remote work due to the COVID-19 pandemic, most businesses have yet to plan a reduction in their traditional brick-and-mortar office space, according to data from the first-quarter AICPA Economic Outlook Survey, which polls CFOs, controllers and other senior-level CPAs and management accountants in business and industry.

Some 72 percent of business executives in the survey said their organizations had no plans to shrink their office footprint over the next 12 months. That’s down five percentage points from the third quarter of 2020, the first time the question was asked. The most significant shift occurred in the percentage of companies that said they were planning to reduce traditional space by 10 to 24 percent over the next 12 months. Nine percent of survey takers said their companies planned to pare back within those parameters, compared to five percent in the third quarter.

The topline results of the AICPA survey – which identified an increase in optimism regarding the U.S. economy and a rise in inflation fears – were released earlier this month.

Overall, some 21 percent of business executives said their companies expected some downward revision in office space in the coming year, compared to 18 percent in the third quarter last year. The lack of action by others reflects to a large degree the reality of long-term leases – many companies that do not own their properties outright lack escape clauses, so they can either try to informally renegotiate or wait for renewal. Landlords, battered themselves by the pandemic, are often unwilling to make additional concessions with a more optimistic economic outlook emerging due to the stepped-up pace of vaccinations.

Anticipated Change in Office Footprint Over Next 12 Months

 Change in Traditional Space



 No change



 Reduce 10 to 24 percent



 Reduce 25 to 49 percent



 Reduce less than 10 percent



 Reduce 50 percent or more



 Eliminate all traditional space



 Increase office space



An overwhelming majority of business executives say their companies currently use a hybrid mix of remote and onsite work, with eight percent saying their organizations employ all-virtual operations. The latter figure is about double pre-pandemic levels, according to survey data from the past year.

Most business executives say they expect their companies to be back to pre-pandemic levels of operation within the year or are at that level already. Still, more than a quarter (27 percent) said it would take a year or more to climb back.

“As the recovery progresses and we move towards the next-normal, more and more people will return to their traditional places of work,” said Ash Noah, CPA, CGMA, vice president and managing director of management accounting learning, education and development for the Association of International Certified Professional Accountants, representing the AICPA and CIMA. “But this doesn’t change the fundamental shifts we’re seeing toward more virtual and remote operations, which have been greatly accelerated during the past year. Some functions can’t be performed effectively remotely, of course, and we expect to see more office sharing, ‘hoteling’ of office space and more decentralized operations in general. The nature of office space and how it is utilized will continue to evolve towards a more flexible and hybrid operating model.”

In addition to insights on business forecasts and hiring prospects, the AICPA Economic Outlook Survey provides a broad baseline for how companies view the lingering impact of the pandemic. A little more than three-quarters of business executives (76 percent) say the pandemic had some negative impact on their business, down from 92 percent in the second quarter last year, the first quarter that fully reflected the imposition of workplace restrictions and stay-at-home orders. Significantly, 18 percent now see at least some positive impact to their organizations, compared to only five percent last spring.

 Pandemic Impact on Business



 Significant Negative Impact



 Moderate Negative Impact



 Slight Negative Impact



 Positive Impact



 No Impact




The first-quarter AICPA Business and Industry Economic Outlook Survey was conducted from Feb. 2-24, 2021, and included 693 qualified responses from CPAs who hold leadership positions, such as chief financial officer or controller, in their companies. The overall margin of error is less than 3 percentage points. A copy of the report can be found on

About the American Institute of CPAs

The American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) is the world’s largest member association representing the CPA profession, with more than 431,000 members in the United States and worldwide, and a history of serving the public interest since 1887. AICPA members represent many areas of practice, including business and industry, public practice, government, education and consulting. The AICPA sets ethical standards for its members and U.S. auditing standards for private companies, nonprofit organizations, and federal, state and local governments. It develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination, offers specialized credentials, builds the pipeline of future talent and drives professional competency development to advance the vitality, relevance and quality of the profession.

About the Association of International Certified Professional Accountants

The Association of International Certified Professional Accountants (the Association) is the most influential body of professional accountants, combining the strengths of the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) and The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) to power trust, opportunity and prosperity for people, businesses and economies worldwide. It represents 650,000 members and students across 179 countries and territories in public and management accounting, and advocates for the public interest and business sustainability on current and emerging issues. With broad reach, rigor and resources, the Association advances the reputation, employability and quality of CPAs, CGMAs and accounting and finance professionals globally.